PV International Desk : Campaigning formally started Saturday for Malaysia’s May 9 general elections that will determine if scandal-plagued Prime Minister Najib Razak’s coalition can extend nearly 61 years of unbroken rule against an unprecedented challenge led by nonagenarian former strongman Mahathir Mohamad.
Scores of election candidates submitted nomination papers at their home constituencies, paving the way for the start of an 11-day campaigning period.
Najib, escorted by hundreds of supporters waving party flags, filed his nomination in Pekan in central Pahang state. Mahathir, who was one of Asia’s longest serving rulers for 22 years until his retirement in 2003, registered to run in the northern resort island of Langkawi.
About 15 million Malaysians will cast ballots to fill 222 seats in federal Parliament and choose representatives for 12 state legislatures.
“It is another test of Najib’s survival. He has so far emerged unscathed in all the challenges presented to him in the last few years and this is the biggest one of all,” said Rashaad Ali, research analyst with S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore.
Mahathir made a high-profile return to politics two years ago amid anger over a massive corruption scandal involving the 1MDB state fund, which is under investigation in the U.S. and other countries for allegations of cross-border embezzlement and money laundering. Najib set up and previously led the 1MDB fund when he took power in 2009 to promote economic development, but it accumulated billions in debt.
The U.S. Justice Department says at least $4.5 billion was stolen from 1MDB by associates of Najib and it is working to seize $1.7 billion allegedly taken from the fund to buy assets in the U.S.
Najib, who denies any wrongdoing, has taken an authoritarian bent since the scandal emerged by sacking critics in his government and muzzling the media. His National Front coalition currently holds 132 parliamentary seats after support eroded in the last two elections. It lost its supermajority in Parliament in 2008 and in 2013, it lost the popular vote for the first time to the opposition.
Mahathir now leads the four-party Hope Alliance, which currently holds about a third of parliamentary seats and controls two of Malaysia’s 13 states.